Most of these sustainability aspects are applicable when renovating or when constructing a new building. Here are 25 innovative ways to build a sustainable house.
1. Insulation of walls and the floor and having a ceiling board
This will help to aid in cooling purposely to save on energy costs. Insulation will help in saving money on energy bills and make the house more comfortable because the insulation will bar heat passing in and out of the house.
It will maintain a comfortable temperature inside regardless of the outside temperature. Insulation allows the temperature to remain balanced even in winter or summer.
2. Install double-glazed windows
Double glazed windows help to insulate the house, making it cooler during the summer and warmer during the winter. One can as well use thermal blackout curtains in place of double glazed windows in case they are too costly.
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3. Make use of the sun
Orientate a new home for maximum sunlight. This involves passive solar heating designs and making use of daytime lighting fully. By the use of passive solar, the windows can let in energy, and the heat absorbed reduces the need for warming the house during cold periods such as winter. Seeking advice from the architect for more ideas is necessary.
4. Choose appliances that have more energy-efficiency
Swapping of the regular electrical appliances with energy-saving certified products is highly desirable for a sustainable house.
5. Selection of non-toxic building materials for constructing the house
Non-toxic building materials lower life-cycle environmental impacts the house might pose.
6. The use of local materials
Using locally available materials is appropriate to reduce the degradation of the environment during transportation.
7. Minimizing resource wastage
During construction, recycling of wastes can be done to reduce the accumulation of wastes as much as possible. For instance, materials can be sourced by demolished products that have been recycled.
8. Usage of renewable electricity sources
This is done through the installation of a small-scale wind turbine or micro-hydro system. Choosing the power company that generates renewable sources is also recommended.
9. Building the house with comfort taking care of the future will make it more sustainable
If the plan is to stay longer in the room, then the indoor and outdoor access will be a requirement; it will also avoid future extension of the house as well as renovation so as to reduce future expenditure in the house.
10. Selection of local or native plant life for landscaping and interior design is an essential element
It will make the house look beautiful and attractive, as well as creating a calm environment for sustainability. Plants also act as natural air purifiers.
11. Installation of solar panels and temperature-regulating walls
It will make the house to be more eco-friendly and also make the house cooler. Solar panels are a sound investment for sustainable home improvement.
12. Putting up of energy-saving bulbs in the house.
Energy is saved when incandescent light bulbs are replaced with compact fluorescent lamps or LED bulbs.
13. Usage of extension loads types of equipment
The house power consumption can be reduced by almost fifteen percent if multi-socket extension loads are used.
14. Building compost for kitchen waste
Compost for kitchen waste will help to reduce the amount of household waste in landfills and reducing the costs associated with the collection of wastes.
15. Use of organic beddings
Cotton linen usage accounts for almost thirty percent of the world’s insecticide use. Changing to organic cotton or bamboo is more sustainable and efficient.
16. Use of windows that are energy efficient
Energy-efficient windows will keep the house cool during the summer and warm in the winter due to their proper insulation.
17. Planting of spider plants in the room
Spider plants are known for air purification, they are planted in the chamber, and they will help to purify the air, especially in the bathroom.
18. Creating a comfortable eco-house with a passive design
A house that has a passive design makes the room cool and heat up naturally; this will make the occupants feel comfortable due to its excellent orientation and proper ventilation. The house will also facilitate the sun rays during cold seasons and will be able to cool down during the hot season.
The house can also be designed to receive more natural light than artificial light, reducing the overall electricity costs.
19. Design to create a microclimate
The design should allow lightweight doll ventilation in a hot, dry climate. The house should also be well insulated and have good solar access during winter.
20. Design for a good life.
Ensure the house aims to stay for a longer period. The materials should be vigorous and durable, and that can be recycled easily. The house should also adapt to the changing needs without incurring the cost in the future by building extension or renovation.
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21. Creation of efficient heating and cooling without buying air conditioners in the house
It can be done by the use of curtains and blinds and sealing any leaks. Also, make use of the sun’s heat and shading to provide an excellent climate and insulation, respectively. If you have to buy an air conditioner, then you also have to set up ceiling fans to increase the efficiency of the air- conditioner.
22. Build water tanks to collect rainwater
Collect the rainwater in tanks for use in bathrooms and garden is part of water use efficiency. Rainwater harvesting will help to reduce wastage of piped water, thereby leading to sustainable living.
23. Use of drought-tolerant plants for landscaping the house environment
Drought tolerant plants require less water and can survive during drought, thus making them beautiful throughout the year. They also have aesthetic value.
24. Use solar or wind power
The two are renewable energy sources that are cheap and non-polluting. If using wind energy plants for landscaping, it is necessary to use wind maps that can help to predict the mean annual wind speed in your location.
There are factors to be taken into consideration when using wind and solar energy. Once the system is set up, it will supply the house with clean and free electricity. Investigate renewable energy options from your energy supplier.
25. Establishing lockable taps
Turning off the taps after usage helps to avoid water wastage. Ensuring that the taps are turned off after using them avoids the misuse of water, and in the long-term, it contributes to saving on water bills hence increased sustainability.